Places to Visit

Places to visit in Livorno

This section of the Livorno Now site provides full information about places to visit during your stay here. Scroll down for some varied suggestions, or explore the following sub-categories:

  • Historic churches including the ones that used to belong to the foreign communities of the 16th-19th centuries
  • The Medici Fortresses: Fortezza Vecchia and Fortezza Nuova 
  • Piazzas - the main city squares, each one with its own personality
  • Museums - in lovely old villa settings, that are a history lesson in themselves
  • Parks - there are a surprising number in Livorno, a great place to relax and do as the locals do
  • Sightseeing - a few ideas for DIY tours of the city

The Central Food Market in Livorno

One of the Five Entrances to Livorno Central MarketOne of the Five Entrances to Livorno Central MarketLivorno's Central Market - Il Mercato Centrale  is one of the highlights on any visit to the city. The huge building towers over the main canal on the Scali Saffi and is easily reached from Piazza Cavour. It dates from the late-19th century and was designed by Angiolo Badaloni who was probably inspired by Parisian architecture of the same period.

The market is open every morning from Monday to Saturday (8am-1pm) and is well worth a visit.

Five entrances lead into the main food hall where 34 shops and 230 stalls sell meat, eggs, poultry, ham, cheese, bread, wine, and a whole variety of intriguing foodstuffs.

There are two adjoining smaller halls, one dedicated to fresh fish and the other to fruit and vegetables. The aroma of freshly ground coffee is often the first to reach you from one of the coffee stalls.

The English Cemetery in Via Verdi, Livorno

One of the unusual 17th-century tombs in the old English Cemetery, Livorno, clearly belonging to an English merchantOne of the unusual 17th-century tombs in the old English Cemetery, Livorno, clearly belonging to an English merchantKnown in Livorno as the Antico Cimitero degli Inglesi, or the Old English Cemetery, the monumental cemetery in Via Verdi dates from the 1640s and is the oldest of its kind in the whole of Italy, probably in the whole of the Mediterranean area. The people buried in the cemetery were protestants of several nationalities who were living or staying in Livorno and other parts of Italy during the 17th, 18th and first part of the 19th century. Many of them played an important part in the development of the city and port of Livorno. In 1840 the cemetery was closed down following the expansion of the city walls, and a New English Cemetery was opened outside the walls (Via Pera).

The Fortezza Nuova

Fortezza NuovaFortezza NuovaThe Fortezza Nuova, or 'new fortress' - situated on the boundary of the Venezia quarter of Livorno - is so-called because it was erected later than the Fortezza Vecchia ('old fortress'), but its construction dates to the late-16th century when the architect Buontalenti was entrusted by the Medici Grand Duke with the task of planning the new city of Livorno.

The Fortezza Vecchia

The Fortezza Vecchia, the older of Livorno's two Medici fortressesThe Fortezza Vecchia, the older of Livorno's two Medici fortressesThe Fortezza Vecchia ('old fortress') which dominates the old Medici port, is an important symbol of Livorno. Originating in medieval times, the development of the fortress has taken place over many centuries to become what it is today.

Via della Madonna - a microcosm of Livorno's cosmopolitan history

The Greek United Church, Santissima Annunziata, in Via della Madonna, LivornoThe Greek United Church, Santissima Annunziata, in Via della Madonna, LivornoVia della Madonna is a partly-pedestrianised street in the centre of Livorno, running between Via Grande at one end and the Scali del Vescovado, in the Venezia district, at the other, and divided in two by Via degli Avvalorati.

On the Via Grande side, the street contains three very significant old churches whose history reflects the cosmopolitan history of Livorno itself - the facade of the former San Gregorio Illuminatore, founded by the Armenian community in 1714, Santissima Annunziata (the Greek United Church) built in 1601, and the church of the Madonna (1607) with its altars dedicated to the French, Corsican, Portuguese and Dutch communities.

100 Years of Montenero's Funicular Railway

The Montenero Funicular RailwayThe Montenero Funicular RailwayIn 2008, the Funicular Railway in Montenero, Livorno, celebrated its 100th birthday.

It was inaugurated on 19th August 1908 and was the first electric railway of its kind in Italy. Until 1963, it represented the main means of transport for Montenero, until the building of the panoramic road leading directly to the Sanctuary.

There are two trains running up and down the 656m track, each one capable of carrying 40 passengers. They can transport up to 580 people per hour.

Amedeo Modigliani's Birthplace

Modigliani's birthplace, Via Roma, LivornoModigliani's birthplace, Via Roma, LivornoThe artist Amedeo Modigliani was born in Livorno on 12th July 1884. His birthplace at Via Roma 38 can be visited daily from 10th April to 31st October, from 10.30am to 12.30pm (except Easter Sunday and Monday, 25th April, 1st May and 15th August). Tickets cost €5 per person.

For further details, see the official website.

Exploring Livorno

View of the Fortezza Nuova, one of Livorno's two Medici fortressesView of the Fortezza Nuova, one of Livorno's two Medici fortressesThe city of Livorno and the surrounding area offer a wide range of places to see and things to do, both for those in search of history and culture and for those intent on more mundane pleasures, such as enjoying local food and nightlife or the lively music scene.

Livorno has several unique aspects compared to other cities in Tuscany: it is the youngest of Tuscan towns, with a history as a city of just over 400 years; it has a network of boat-lined canals that wind their way around the town and out to the sea; and most importantly, during its heyday, Livorno was a thriving cosmopolitan port where merchants of many nationalities settled, contributing greatly to the development of the city.

Although many of Livorno's beautiful buildings were destroyed during and immediately after WWII, there is still a good choice  of interesting places to see: the Fortezza Vecchia, the Venezia district, historic churches, and a delightful art gallery, are just a few of them.

Out of town, head south of Livorno for some pleasant seafront walks, the attractive districts of Ardenza and Antignano, and the hillside village of Montenero with spectacular views over the city. All are just a bus ride away.

Some useful links to other pages on Livorno Now:

Get around Livorno with a Livorno Card

Discover the sanctuary of Montenero by local busDiscover the sanctuary of Montenero by local busONE DAY'S UNLIMITED TRAVEL on all local CTT buses for JUST €3!!

The LIVORNO CARD is a great way of exploring the city at your leisure for only €3 euros! The Livorno Card costs €3 for one full day, €4 for two days, and €5 for three days, and is free for children under 12 when accompanied by an adult.

The advantages that come from holding a Livorno Card are as follows:
• Free travel on the local CTT bus service
• Free entry to the Giovanni Fattori Civic Museum
• A discounted price for the boat trip on the canals of Livorno (ask at the tourist office in Via Pieroni)
• Discount of €2 on entrance to the Aquarium of Livorno
• Discount of €1 on entrance to Modigliani's birthplace 

• 10% discount at Bar Quattro Mori and Pizzeria La Vecchia Venezia

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