Sarah Thompson. Originally from England, I've lived in Livorno since 1991. Apart from running the Livorno Now website, I work as a translator, teacher, blogger and local travel consultant. If you can't find what you're looking for on the Livorno Now website or if you need any help or advice, please contact me.
In order to populate his new city, in 1591-2 Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando de’ Medici passed a series of laws, known as the Leggi Livornine, primarily intended to invite Sephardi Jews fleeing persecution in Spain and Portugal to settle in the city. The laws guaranteed religious tolerance, as well as financial benefits to those who set up business in Livorno, thus encouraging foreign merchants from all over Europe to settle here.
It's easier than you think!
The cheapest way to get around Livorno -check out bus routes for the numbers 1 & 2
There is no easier or cheaper way to explore Livorno than by using the local CTT bus service. There are 15 different bus routes covering the whole of the city and the surrounding districts, and for just €3 (the cost of a one-day Livorno Card) you can get unlimited local bus travel for a whole day, hopping on and off any bus whenever and wherever you please (plus free entrance to the Fattori art gallery and other discounts).